What is an organic agricultural product?

It is compulsory for any product labelled "organic" to meet the requirements of one of the official sets of regulations on agriculture and organic produce:

  • Europe: European regulation (EC) No 834/2007 and its implementing regulations (EC) 889/2008 and 1235/2008;
  • United-States: NOP regulation (National Organic Program).
  • Japan: JAS regulation (Japanese Agricultural Standard).

The product is inspected and certified by an independent body (accredited by French government authorities), such as Ecocert. The certification body ensures product traceability throughout the value chain: production, processing, packaging, storage and distribution. Laboratory analysis may be carried out in addition to the on-site checking of products.

The criteria defining an organic agricultural product are as follows:

  • Organic agricultural products: grown avoiding the use of chemical fertilisers or synthetic products, in ground fertilised with organic fertilisers and natural minerals favourable to life within the soil, application of the precautionary principle.
  • Animals: predominantly fed on organic feed, non-intensive husbandry, reared with access to the open air, maximum living space.
  • Processed products: made from controlled organically-sourced farm ingredients and eventually from non-agricultural ingredients as authorised by European regulations or NOP.